“God is Innocent” : Rwamasirabo on the Genocide in the Church at Nyange, Rwanda

Rwanda Joseph Siaw
During Rwanda’s 100-day genocide in 1994, Roman Catholic priest, Father Athanase Seromba savagely sacrificed nearly 3,000 members of his church in Nyange (a parish in the Kibuye province of western Rwanda).

Perhaps the most notorious atrocity of the more than 30 large-scale gruesome massacres that took place in churches during Rwanda’s genocide, this bloodbath happened at the very altar in the same church where, countless times, Father Seromba had offered mass.

Allegedly, the 31-year-old priest personally invited Tutsi parishioners from his congregation to take safe haven in the church under the pretext they would be protected from harm; convincing them they’d be safe in the sanctuary.

The militia encircled the church.

A 10-day siege ensued.

Grenades and firebombs were thrown into the sanctuary, but its façade would not give in.

Fires were set around the perimeter of the church, but the stonewalls would not burn.

Father Seromba directed the Hutu-power militia, the Interahamwe, to climb on top of the building in order to pour gasoline into the church, hoping the firebombs and grenades tossed through the windows of the building would ignite inside.

Related: Exterminate them Without Mercy: The problem of Joshua, genocide, and the character of God – by Kurt Willems 

The attacks proved unsuccessful. The Tutsis taking refuge in the church were unharmed.

RwandaIn a last effort to carry-out the inteded massacre, on April 16th, 1994, with the church surrounded by the Hutu militia, Father Seromba conspired with the mayor, a local police inspector, and a schoolteacher to destroy the building filled with Tutsi refugees.

The doors of the church were locked from the outside when the priest summoned two bulldozers to knock the church walls down until the roof of the building caved in, collapsing on those inside.

Though complicit, the drivers of the tractors were reluctant to crush those sheltering inside the church, one of them even asked the priest three separate times if this was absolutely necessary.

As the building was destroyed, the bricks fell on the heads of the community members crushing them to their deaths. In agony, they cried out his name, “Father Seromba! Why? Why are you doing this to us?”

Those who managed to squeeze free and escape were shot dead—many shot by the priest himself.

There were no survivors.

When the last Tutsi parishioner had been killed, the priest ordered the bulldozers to clean the “rubbish,” instructing them to scoop up and bury all the corpses into four mass graves behind where the church once stood. In exchange for their services that day, Father Seromba bought them cases of beer.

Brave New Films

Rwanda GraveIn an interview with African Rights, Jean-Bosco Safari remembered, “It was like a scene from hell with the devil dressed as a priest… a young girl begged Seromba to save her. He replied, Get lost, ‘cockroach.’”

On Saturday, July 27, 2013 I stood on the original stone floor, all which now remains of the original church. The community in Nyange, betrayed by the ecclesial structures, has refused to rebuild the church building.

I listened to genocide survivor, Rwamasirabo recount the horrors of that week.

He took us into a small shed that had been built where the sacristy once stood. The tiny shack is now filled with human remains, hundreds of skulls of God’s people who thought that the house of God would save them.

Also by Chris: A Post bin-Laden Reflection on Violence

Just two days after the killing began, Tutsis started gathering in churches throughout Rwanda for protection. Believing they’d be safest in his local church, Rwamasirabo himself left his own children in that church at Nyange.

He never saw them again.

Though Rwamasirabo still clings to his faith, he has not entered a church building since the massacre.

Though betrayed, he still proclaims, “God is innocent.”

That statement of hope sounds absurd given what he’s witnessed.

Paradoxically, witnesses like Rwamasirabo resurrect the Church—resurrect bright hope in the face of grotesque betrayal.

Chris Heuertz is the founding partner of Gravity: a Center for Contemplative Activism that exists to nurture the integral connection between mysticism and activism. Prior to founding Gravity, Chris was the International Executive Director of Word Made Flesh, working with the most vulnerable of the world’s poor. Most recently he authored, Unexpected Gifts: Discovering the Way of Community. He’s also the author of Simple Spirituality: Learning to See God in a Broken World (IVP, 2008) and Friendship at the Margins: Discovery Mutuality in Service and Mission (IVP, 2010) with Christine Pohl

Photo Credit: Joseph Siaw

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About the Author

Chris Heuertz

Chris HeuertzChristopher L. Heuertz fights for a renewal of contemplative activism and has spent his life bearing witness to the possibility of hope in a world that has legitimate reasons to question the possibility of a good God. After graduating from university he spent several years living and working in India, having been mentored by Mother Teresa—there he helped launch South Asia’s first pediatric AIDS care home. Today he serves on the boards of several nonprofits, and in 2012 he and his wife Phileena started Gravity, a Center for Contemplative Activism. He is the author of three books including his most recent, Unexpected Gifts: Discovering the Way of Community. Follow him on Twitter @chrisheuertz.View all posts by Chris Heuertz →

  • jonathan starkey


    “Bishop of Rwanda” is a great read.

    • Michael

      He does this get a thumbs down!?

      • John

        There are some people who just thumbs down some people, I think, based on comments elsewhere. I had a nice comment on one of my articles, very brief, by someone who often disagrees with others on this website, and it was thumbs downed (if I can turn that into a verb). I think that if you think someone has said something in a comment which is not in line with your sense of Christ, it’s not very helpful to thumbs down another innocuous comment elsewhere. It seems to just say, “We don’t like yer kind around here.”

        We’re all sheep. We’re all one flock. Maybe that’s the hardest part of Christianity.

        Either that, or they just really dislike the book “Bishop of Rwanda”. 😉

        • jonathan starkey

          Bishop of Rwanda shares similar stories like the one above. Gives a history of what lead up to the nations genocide, and some ideas about how to proceed in the aftermath. It also includes jaw dropping stories of forgiveness in ligh of the horror. The Bishop is Anglican, going from memory, wonders if, those Christians who engaged in these activities, ever knew Jesus at all?

          What I love most about the above article is the line “God is innocent.”

          Maybe I got down votes by Hutu sympathizers.:)

  • bluecenterlight

    There are three types of people in the world. Those who stand up for good no matter what the cost, those who are evil and take without conscience, the third is the largest category they just watch, too afraid do anything so they remain neutral.

    • John

      Reminds me of Martin Niemoller’s “First They Came”.

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