Prophetic Pepper Spray, Suffering, and the Revolutionary Kingdom: UC Davis and #OccupyWallStreet

Suffering.  Not something that is glorified in itself in Scripture, but the glory is in the cause suffered for.

Suffering, most often, is the result of circumstances uncontrollable to the victim.  Born into: an abusive home, a third world ghetto, a warzone, disease, broken family, poverty, famine, or _____________.  Changes: job loss, regime change, governmental budget cuts, bad diagnosis, death of loved one, war, restrictions lifted off of big business, house burns down, bankruptcy, robbery, physical or economic oppression, or ___________.  Suffering inevitably happens when circumstances reflect the brokenness of the kingdoms of the world.

Suffering of another sort exists.  This suffering results when circumstances provoke action.  Passivity perpetuates suffering.  Action exposes the root causes of suffering.  One question must be asked: What sort of action in the face of suffering will we take?

One sort of action reflects a first century reality – that of zealots. Zealots, exhausted by Empire overlords, chose the path of violent resistance.  Such a response to the circumstances of one of the greatest examples of “99 to 1” in history is found in the early Roman Empire.  Without a middle class of any kind, at least 97 percent of people in the Empire lived in poverty.[1]

Fed up with the pattern of suffering of the Jewish people (with the exception of those who compromised to line their pockets), zeal filled these men with violent rage.  They vowed to bring the glory of God back to their people and land by force.  Only then would justice be served.  These attempts ultimately failed to produce lasting change.

Another sort of action presents a possibility in circumstances of suffering.  Paralleling another first century path, the way of Jesus, is a vision of nonviolent prophetic resistance.  Jesus taught his followers this response to suffering in places like Matthew 5 where he taught to “love your enemies,” to “go the extra mile” to “turn the other cheek” (exposing the dehumanizing systems of the day), and to “pray for those who persecute you.”  Jesus demonstrates here that a third way exists between violent zealotry and unempowered passivity.  Ultimately, this is the pathway to the cross.

Jesus modeled nonviolent resistance as reflected in 1 Peter 2.19-24. Here, Christians are encouraged to “bear up under the pain of unjust suffering;” to “suffer for doing good;” to endure after the pattern of Christ’s suffering as “an example… [to] follow in his steps.”  Following Jesus in this way remembers how when he was insulted “he did not retaliate” or make “threats.”  “Instead, he entrusted himself to God who judges justly.”  And what was the result of this approach to the circumstances that caused suffering (both physical and spiritual)?  The world was changed… forever.

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Paul describes one aspect of the victory of Christ on the cross.  He states:

And having disarmed the powers and authorities, he made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them by the cross. Colossians 2.15

Why did Christianity grow as it did following the death and resurrection of Jesus?  One reason certainly includes the fact that those who were suffering under the thumb of the Empire understood that Christ’s sacrificial act, enduring the full wrath of the powers of the day (both in physical and spiritual manifestation), exposed the oppressive evil of the kingdom of the world.  The suffering of Jesus on the behalf of the suffering people around him, shamed the governing authorities that put him on the cross.  Suffering begets suffering – but when subverted – raises the awareness of the cruelty of systems of Empire.  Movements like this create momentum that not even persecution can blot out. In fact, persecution fuels the refining fires of passionate justice.

This is what took place this past Friday.  I don’t know any of the peaceful protesters at UC Davis personally, so I can’t say that they were intentionally following the example of Jesus.  Yet, they chose to take peaceful action in the face of a nation and world that is suffering.  This nonviolent prophetic resistance resulted in further suffering as they endured the prophetic fumes of oppression, doused by weaponized pepper spray.  Whether they knew it or not, in that moment with linked arms of solidarity, they were imitating the outstretched arms of the greatest Revolutionary in history.

Suffering for good in the first century and today disarms the powers and authorities, making a public spectacle of them.  Zealotry destroys credibility and results in no change.  Actions that model Jesus’ call to expose the dehumanizing systems of the world through enduring their wrath; these are what revolutions are made of.


[1] Warren Carter, The Roman Empire and the New Testament: An Essential Guide(Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2006), 10.

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Kurt Willems is an Anabaptist writer and pastor who is preparing for church planting next year by finishing work towards a Master of Divinity degree at Fresno Pacific Biblical Seminary.  He writes at: the Pangea Blog and is also on Twitter and Facebook.

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About the Author

Kurt Willems

Kurt WillemsKurt Willems (M.Div., Fresno Pacific) is the founding pastor of Pangea Communities - a movement of peace, justice, & hope. The church plant, in partnership with the Brethren in Christ and Urban Expression, is based in Seattle, Wa. Kurt writes at The Pangea Blog and is also on TwitterFacebook, and Google+.View all posts by Kurt Willems →

  • Debbie

    Wow Kurtis you really got the Word of God, out here for all of us to read and see.
    I”ve really understand what you write, and the videos they really touch me in such a softing to experience a greater Power of God in you and

  • Debbie Yrigollen

    as a proud mom thanks. love ya, Mom

    • http://patheos.com/blogs/thepangeablog/ Kurt Willems

      Awwww… Thanks Mom :-)

  • Benmanben

    As similar as being pepper-sprayed to disperse may seem to getting nailed to a cross with a thorn crown stuck on the victims head for being perfect,
    I think the comparison does seem silly.

  • Julian Lee

    You write..”I don’t know any of the peaceful protestors at UC Davis personally, so I don’t know that they were intentionally following the pattern or Jesus.”

    Excuse me..? Then why bring them into the article at all, much less compare them with the rise of the early church and the persecution faced by believers in the Lord Jesus Christ? I assume that, just like most of those themselves who are protesting, you cannot even say, other than vague and meaningless slogans, what they are protesting against or what are the goals of the protestors. I assume that you cannot recount the incidents surrounding the  protestors “suffering”. 

    The fascination with and the support for the Occupy movement by those on this site who claim to be followers of Christ are as astounding as they are confounding. It is childish beyond comprehension for Believers to romanticize the OWS protests and protestors while turning a blind eye to the filth, inhumanity and decadence they practice. Of course, to recognize the latter would not fit into a particular political agenda, which seems to be the main concern of the contributors to this site. 

    I was glad to be reminded by our pastor this morning during a sermon on true discipleship that Jesus, even at the height of his popularity when he most easily could have been, was not political. I came here because I wondered what the term “red-letter Christian” means. I have come to realize from the writings contained herein that it means taking the words of Jesus and making it fit your own political agenda. I leave saddened by the wasted potential for edification of the body and souls to be won.

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