The “God” of the Gut: Animals, Faith & Gluttony

Jesus fished with his disciples.  Jesus multiplied a few fish into enough to feed a village.  Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, fell into a trance in which God said: “Get up, Peter. Kill and eat” (Acts 10.13).  The New Testament stories about the present time, not only give permission to kill and eat animals, but even allows for more animal consumption than the Hebrew Scriptures.

According to the Bible, eating meat is not a sin… unless, your god becomes your gut.

Story 1

Six months into my marriage, Lauren (my wife), convinced me that I should give in.  So I did.  Her name is Sadie.  She’s my first dog.  I promised Lauren that I would not be the primary caretaker of this pet and that we would be called “pet-owners” or “masters” not “mom and dad.”  And then, this pup grew on me.  What was hesitation on my part initially, eventually became, love.

I love my pup.  She’s now 3 years old and every morning after she is released from her crate with our second pup, Mylee, I can trust that she will position herself tightly against the small of my back while Lauren gets ready for work.  My pups, for some odd reason, have become like children.  Weird.  I now question the death of any animal. I’ve gone soft.

Story 2

When Lauren and I moved into our current city, we lived in an apartment with a small outdoor storage closet.  We put our fake Christmas tree and other random boxes in the small space.  Over time, we noticed small pellets on top of the boxes.  What could they be?  And then came the phone call: “Kurtis, I saw a mouse!”

And what did we notice over time?  These pink-nosed scavengers indulged in our pups’ food and water bowls that were conveniently placed on the patio that connected the back door to the outdoor closet.  We knew it was time to act.

But, what were we to do?  These little rodents felt like more than rodents.  They seemed like creatures that mattered to God.  Why is this?  Well, before having dogs, I never cared about mice and other pests, but having animals in my home changed something… it changed me.

So, our solution involved purchasing a humane mousetrap (thanks to PETA).  And on five separate occasions, we took our captured mice and set them free out in the wild.

Story 3

About 3 years ago, I stumbled across a video called “Eating Mercifully” at the recommendation of pastor and author Greg Boyd.  I viewed horrific scenes of factory farm footage of chickens cramped up in small cages, of cows treated like slaves, and pigs in pens so tight that disease and violence flourished.  Then, I watched Food Inc and several other documentaries.  I read up on the effects of irresponsible farming on the environment.  And I realized that my eating habits contributed to the abuse of animals, God’s creation.

I felt powerless.  The only food group I like is, well, meat.  Meat and starches.  Certainly no veggies except the occasional bit of lettuce in a salad.  Therefore, I determined that I’d do all I could to purchase ethical meats when available.  Unfortunately, such meats are difficult to find in my town.  Picky and powerless.

Story 4

Lent changed my life.  Lauren and I decided to do something over the top for the 46 days leading up to Resurrection Sunday.  We lived off of $2 a day.  One thing that this meant was that I could no longer afford to eat meat.  So, I gave it up as part of the experiment.

To my amazement, I did it!  No meat during Lent.  And when it was over, my energy was in tact.  I didn’t need meat to survive. This led to a determination that I’d eat less meat.  That goal was short-lived.

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The god of the gut

In America, we’re trapped in a system of consumption and gluttony.  We don’t believe that any other way is possible when it comes to our eating habits, so we perpetuate a cycle of cruelty to animals.  Factory farming in many (not all) of its forms treat animals like a commodity to be counted, cut up, and consumed.

ConsumptionGreed.  I think Paul had something to say about this:

Their destiny is destruction, their god is their stomach, and their glory is in their shame. Their mind is set on earthly things.  Philippians 3.19

Is it possible that we Americans allow our “god” to be our “stomach” more often than we think? For me, even after learning about the terrible way that animals are treated in many factory farms, I couldn’t give up eating meat produced by these places because of the subtle idol of food.  At many times, I’ve allowed my stomach to have the authority of a god in my life.

As I stated earlier, it’s not a sin to eat meat.  According to the New Testament, we have this liberty.  But, I have to wonder if there’s a difference between the agricultural practices of the first century and modern day factory farms? Do some (again, I am not making a blanket accusation here as I know there are many compassionate farmers in the industry as well) factory farms fail to follow this simple proverb?

The godly care for their animals, but the wicked are always cruel. Proverb 12.10

God cares about animals and charges us to care for them. This isn’t the case with our modern day system of capitalistic farming.

I’ve decided enough is enough.  I don’t believe it’s a sin to eat meat products, but I do believe that the majority of our meats come from a degrading sinful system.

So, for the last 3 weeks I’ve committed to a “flexetarian” diet.  What this means is that I avoid meat (almost as much as a vegetarian) except on rare occasions (no pun intended :-) ).  My goal is not to live in legalism, but out of an awareness of the love that God has put within me for animals, and in light of God’s love for his creatures.  Yes, you can eat meat as a Christian and not sin.  But no form of cruelty to animals is consistent with a biblical worldview.  To justify cruelty may lead to the subtle god of the gut.

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Kurt Willems is an Anabaptist writer and pastor who is preparing for church planting next year by finishing work towards a Master of Divinity degree at Fresno Pacific Biblical Seminary.  He writes at: the Pangea Blog and is also on Twitter and Facebook.



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About the Author

Kurt Willems

Kurt WillemsKurt Willems (M.Div., Fresno Pacific) is the founding pastor of Pangea Communities - a movement of peace, justice, & hope. The church plant, in partnership with the Brethren in Christ and Urban Expression, is based in Seattle, Wa. Kurt writes at The Pangea Blog and is also on TwitterFacebook, and Google+.View all posts by Kurt Willems →

  • Drew

    Thanks for the post; I enjoyed it.

  • http://www.fivedills.com Greg Dill

    One of my favorite passages in Scripture is when Paul talks about the reconciliation of ALL things. Many folks assume this only applies to people. But, the Bible is very clear that ALL things are reconciled.

    For God was pleased to have all his fullness dwell in him, and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through his blood, shed on the cross. (Colossians 1:19-20)

    Furthermore, we know God created every living creature, including people, animals, fish, birds, and vegetation. And, when He was finished creating all of these things, the Bible says, “God saw all that he had made, and it was very good…” (Genesis 1:31)

    I teach my family to take care of all of God’s creation… even bugs. When we see a creepy crawler in our home, we capture it in a cup and set it free outside. Why should we think less of other creatures that God created? Are we god that we snuff out life without a second thought? There are of course extremes. Some people place the value of animal life above human life. And, there are others who care less about animals and only think about themselves, resulting in abuse.

    I am thankful I live in a country where farmers truly care for their livestock. Farmers here in Albania actually take their livestock out for a walk. They feed them scrap food and not processed artificial stuff. They treat them with dignity, humility, and care. Even when they slaughter an animal for consumption, it is done with care and not abuse, always done with a hand rather than a cold steel mechanical machine.

    I may be wrong, but I attribute a lot of problems in America to fast food restaurants. These restaurants require a lot of meat to keep their doors opened resulting in mass production and industrialization of livestock. Furthermore, fast food restaurants contribute to obesity where high fat foods are readily available in just a few minutes. Since moving here to Albania where fast food restaurants don’t exist I have lost nearly 20 lbs. in six months.

    It is my hope American businesses in the food service industry will take better care of their livestock. And, at the same time maybe Americans can simply begin to eat less. Do we really need Double Cheese Baconators, fries, and a Coke at Wendy’s for lunch while most people can barely afford to buy a slice of bread for lunch? It is also my hope that churches will begin to address these issues as it seems they are only focused on issues relating to sexual sins. Perhaps the Catholic Church was on to something in its priority of addressing the seven deadly sins, one of which is gluttony.

    • canadude

      I have been to Albania and seen cows that are so skinny, if they were in America, the farmer would be charged with abuse. I also witnessed first hand albanian farmers beating there animals to get them to move. You mention animals killed by hand and not abuse? What does that even mean? You make good points about overeating and fast food as a bad habit. Do not take away from those by making comments that are ignorant of facts.

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  • Cathybitikofer

    I consider gluttony the biggest sin to overcome in my life. My body is a testimony to that. I do know that if I did not overeat, I would not gain weight as I do.I wonder if many Christians with addictive tendencies who abstain from drinking, smoking, etc. have a similar struggle.

  • mike

    How is gluttony defined in the Bible.

  • canadude

    I live in a rural area with beef producers, hog producers, chicken producers, dairy farmers, and turkey producers. I cannot agree with the assumptions and generalizations presented here as the basis of the authors choices and this article. When you take graphic photos of extreme cases of abuse and then apply them as a generalization to all farmers, that is inaccurate and unfair. I do not disagree that we are slaves to our appetites even to the point of justifying anything to satisfy them. However, it is a incorrect assumption to attribute animal abuse to that fact. In truth, much of the meat produced in the US and Canada is done humanely and with incredibly high standards in regards to human and animal health on both small and large farms. The livestock farmers I know care deeply about their animals and how they are treated. If you want to take a slightly more cynical view, you could also remember that healthier animals are typically the most profitable to there owners. Yes there are differences in animal production now compared to the first century. So has every other industry, our geography, climate, population and every other facet of our society. And if you think it was better back then, I highly doubt that anyone cared much about the humane treatment of animals. Animal sacrifice was a regular part of Jewish and other cultures. Also, look at the old testament examples of farmers – Job for instance. Would you call him a factory farmer because he had thousands of head of livestock? Doesn’t that seem awfully capitilistic to hoard that much wealth? The phrase “capatilistic farming” is a generalized statement seemingly meant to bring credibility to the argument without really any truth or value. We all need to learn to control our appetites because we are not to be controlled by anything other than the Holy Spirit. But you should not take on (or project onto others) guilt for a problem that is virtually non-existant.

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